Subject Areas: Topological Field, Sentence Type, Empty Element, German Syntax, HPSG
To appear in Gerhard Jäger, Paola Monachesi, Gerald Penn und Shuly Winter (Eds.): Proceedings of Formal Grammar 2004, Stanford: CSLI Publications.
This paper shows that there exist various constructions that allow topological fields to be empty without having any effect on the sentence type. Therefore a purely surface-based view of syntax seems to be not sufficient.
In a second part of the paper I argue for the use of (language internally motivated) empty elements since they allow for a better representation of the observable facts. Draft of May 30, 2011: